"Plan of the Battle of Saragossa, Fought Augt. 9, 1710, Between the Troops of the Allies Under Lieutt. Genl. Stanhope and the Marshal Count Staremberg...", Tindal, Nicholas
Subject: Zaragoza, Spain
Period: 1745 (circa)
Publication: Mr. Rapin's History of England
Color: Black & White
18.8 x 14.3 inches
47.8 x 36.3 cm
This intricately engraved battle plan chronicles the Battle of Saragossa (or Zaragoza) during the War of Spanish Succession. After the loss at Almenar, Philip V and 20,000 Spanish-Bourbon troops fled to Zaragoza, arriving on August 9, 1710. Days of skirmishes followed with the Spanish-Bourbon troops under the command of the Marquis de Bay pitted against an alliance of Spanish-Habsburg, Dutch, German, Austrian, Portuguese, and British troops under the command of Guido Starhemberg, Lord James Stanhope, and the Count of Atalaya. Finally, on August 20, the full battle broke out. Between 5,000 and 6,000 Spanish-Bourbon troops were killed, and another 7,000 captured. The Allied forces took advantage of this decisive victory and headed to take Madrid, which was essentially deserted when they arrived. The plan shows the troops positions, with a decorative cartouche in the top right corner identifying the order of battle. Zaragoza is illustrated as a miniature bird's-eye view. Engraved by James Basire.
References: Shirley (BL Atlases) G.RAP-1a #38.
A fine impression on a watermarked sheet with a couple minor spots. The bottom margin has been trimmed with a tiny portion of the publisher's imprint missing. Both the bottom and right margins have been extended with old paper.