"Carte du Mexique et des Etats Unis d'Amerique, Partie Meridionale…", Delisle/Dezauche
Subject: Mexico and United States
Period: 1783 (dated)
Color: Hand Color
25.7 x 18.8 inches
65.3 x 47.8 cm
Very early map to name the United States as 1783 is the earliest it appears on any map. This copper engraving is the last issue of Delisle's map that covers most of the current United States, Mexico, and Central America and the West Indies. Considered a foundation map it is regarded as the first printed map to accurately show the course of the Mississippi, accurately place the Great Lakes and locate many English coastal settlements. Its longevity and numerous copies by other mapmakers attests to the importance of this engraving. Dezauche was the son-in-law to Buache and the successor to the Delisle business. Dezauche has here altered the original title to include the words "Etats Unis." He also added a legend and color-coding to show colonial possessions of England, France, Spain and the extent of the United States. Bold, strong engraving and good detail of cities, watershed, etc.
References: Tooley, French Mapping of the America, #53; cf Cumming (SE) 137; Martin (TX) p.92-3.
On fine, thick hand laid paper with huge watermark of rosary beads and cross. Bright and later color with an unusual palette. Three small areas of staining along centerfold, else very good.