"Buffalo Soldier's Document", U.S. War Dept.
Period: 1874 (dated)
Color: Black & White
11 x 8.4 inches
27.9 x 21.3 cm
Pay document for Capt. Hagen of the 9th Cavalry Regiment of "Colored Troops". Over 180,000 African-Americans served in the Union Army during the Civil War. Of these, more than 33,000 died. In July1866, Congress passed legislation establishing two cavalry and four infantry regiments (later consolidated to two) whose enlisted composition was to be made up of African-Americans. The majority of the new recruits had served in all Black units during the war. These regiments were soon nicknamed Buffalo Soldiers by the Cheyenne and Comanche. Until the early 1890s they constituted 20 percent of all cavalry forces on the American frontier and played a major roll in the Indian Wars. The 9th Cavalry was stationed in Texas during the 1870's.