Catalog Archive
Auction 197, Lot 54

Rare First Plate of Ortelius' Influential Map of the New World

"Americae sive Novi Orbis, Nova Descriptio", Ortelius, Abraham

Subject: Western Hemisphere - America

Period: 1572 (circa)

Publication: Theatrum Orbis Terrarum

Color: Hand Color

20.1 x 14.6 inches
51.1 x 37.1 cm
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This is one of the most famous maps of America, and one that had enormous influence on the future cartography of the New World. Frans Hogenberg engraved this map, and it is primarily based on Gerard Mercator's great multi-sheet world map of 1569. The most recognizable features of the map are the bulbous Chilean coastline and the exaggerated breadth of the North American continent. North America shows a lengthy St. Lawrence River reaching across the continent to nearly meet the fictitious, westward flowing Tiguas Rio. The strategically placed title cartouche hides the unknown South Pacific and therefore most of the conjectural great southern continent, which is shown attached to both New Guinea and Tierra del Fuego.

This is from the uncommon first plate (second state), published in either the 1572 or 1573 German edition. This plate had a relatively short life and was published only between 1570 and 1575. There is one small plate crack in the upper left portion of the image and another small crack in the top right border that was present in all editions of this plate. These cracks were repaired for the 1575 edition, but the plate quickly developed another crack and was subsequently replaced by a new plate for the 1579 edition.

References: Burden #39.2; Goss (NA) #11; Van den Broecke #9.2.

Condition: B+

A nice impression on a sturdy sheet with a small coat of arms watermark emblazoned with a "P." There is very light soiling and professional repairs to a few small chips and tears along the edges of the sheet. The map has been professionally remargined at right and left, with a portion of the outside border skillfully replaced in facsimile.

Estimate: $5,500 - $7,000

Sold for: $6,500

Closed on 4/24/2024