One of the Finest Charts Showing California as an Island
"Magnum Mare del Zur cum Insula California / De Groote Zuyd-Zee en 't Eylandt California", Ottens, Reiner and Joshua
Subject: Pacific Ocean, California
Period: 1745 (published)
Publication: Atlas van Zeevaart en Koophandel door de Geheele Weereldt
Color: Hand Color
22.4 x 19.3 inches
56.9 x 49 cm
This superb chart was originally issued by Frederick de Wit in 1675, and updated by Reiner and Joshua Ottens. It is centered on the Pacific Ocean and shows the island of California with an indented northern coast on the second Sanson model. The important Dutch discoveries are noted on the northern coast of Australia: Carpentaria, New Guinea, Anthoni van Diemens Landt (Tasmania), and New Zealand. North of Japan the discoveries of De Vries are shown along with disembodied sections of Terre de Iesso and Terre de la Compagnie. The Ottens have updated the chart to include the Solomon Islands and Land of the Holy Ghost, but followed De Wit in omitting the hypothetical coastline of the southern continent. The chart is elegantly adorned with rhumb lines, sailing ships, sea battles, and two compass roses. The allegorical title cartouche features a portrait of Magellan, cherubs, and Neptune with a female consort riding a brace of sea-horses.
References: McLaughlin #226; Tooley (America) p. 122, #41; Tooley (Australia) #1373.
A dark impression with contemporary color in the map and later color in the decorative elements, with very light mat burn outside of the image and small remnants of hinge tape on verso. There is some minor repair work to several edge chips and tears, but all are confined to the blank margins.