Catalog Archive
Auction 185, Lot 732

"Entree de la Riviere Endeavour dans la Nle. Galles Meridle... [on sheet with] Baye de Botanique dans la Nle. Galles Meridionale... ", Cook, James (Capt.)

Subject: Botany Bay & Endeavour River, Australia

Period: 1774 (published)

Publication: Relation des Voyages Entrepris par Ordre de Sa Majeste Britannique

Color: Black & White

13.1 x 5.3 inches
33.3 x 13.5 cm
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Captain James Cook (1728-1779) is best known for his three voyages to the Pacific (1768-71; 1772-75; and 1776-79). His discoveries radically changed the western understanding of the world in the late 18th century. He was the first to circumnavigate and chart New Zealand and provided the earliest European accounts of exploration along the eastern coast of Australia and the Hawaiian Islands. On February 14th, 1779, he was killed on Hawaii after attempting to kidnap the chief of the island.

Many contemporary accounts of Cook’s voyages, including charts and engravings, appeared in the late 18th century. The first official account of Cook’s first voyage was published in 1773 by John Hawkesworth in Volumes II and III of An Account of the Voyages Undertaken by the Order of His Present Majesty for Making Discoveries in the Southern Hemisphere... William Strahan and Thomas Cadell published the first official accounts of the second and third voyages in 1777 and 1784. Accounts of his exploration were subsequently translated into French, German, and Dutch.

This handsome plate contains two charts on one sheet. On the right is the depiction of Botany Bay when Cook first landed in Australia on April 29, 1770. Six locations for fresh water are noted as are several soundings in the harbor with shoals delineated. It locates C. Banks and Pt. Solander which were named by Cook for his botanists Joseph Banks and Daniel Solander.

The chart on the left shows the entrance of the Endeavour River in northern Queensland. It locates the "place where we landed our equipment" and the "place where we repaired the ship." Cook departed Botany Bay continuing northwards where, on June 11, the Endeavour ran aground on a shoal of the Great Barrier Reef. The ship was badly damaged and his voyage was delayed for seven weeks while repairs were accomplished on the site marked on this map, near the town of Cooktown. After the repairs were completed the voyage continued and resulted in Cook claiming for England the entire eastern coastline of Australia on August 22. The return trip to England was via Batavia, the Cape of Good Hope and the island of Saint Helena, finally arriving July 12, 1771. The two charts are within their own border (neatline). The maps were published in the French edition of Hawkesworth's account of Cook's voyage to Australia.

References: cf. Shirley (BL Atlases) G.HAWK-1a #25; Tooley (Australia), p. 235 #4.

Condition: A

A crisp impression issued folding on watermarked paper with a few minor spots.

Estimate: $275 - $350


Closed on 11/17/2021