Catalog Archive
Auction 185, Lot 72

Spectacular Wall Map Celebrating the New World

"[On 4 Sheets] Carte Tres Curieuse de la Mer du Sud, Contenant des Remarques Nouvelles et Tres Utiles non Seulement sur les Ports et Iles de Cette Mer...", Chatelain, Henry Abraham

Subject: Western Hemisphere - America

Period: 1719 (circa)

Publication: Atlas Historique

Color: Black & White

Size:
56 x 16.3 inches
142.2 x 41.4 cm
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This spectacular wall map is richly engraved in the tradition of Dutch cartography. Although the focus of the map is the Americas, it extends to include all of the Pacific with the East Indies and Japan, and all of the Atlantic with a good deal of western Europe and Africa. The map is based on De Fer's map of 1713 and appeared in the sixth volume, devoted to the Americas, of Chatelain's monumental work, Atlas Historique. California is shown as an island on the second Sanson model with an indented northern coast, numerous place names, and a notation alluding to the controversy provoked by Father Kino's map of the peninsular form. As such, this was one of the first European maps to question the myth of the island of California.

The Great Lakes are well defined in North America, which is devoid of geographic detail with the exception of major rivers and a few place names, including a few missions and forts. The unknown northern reaches of the continent are cleverly hidden with notes and decorative medallions, and the northeastern US and Quebec appear quite elongated. In the South Pacific are other newly discovered lands, including the Solomon Islands positioned south of California, several partially delineated islands labeled "land seen but unknown," and the incomplete coastlines of Australia, New Zealand, and Tasmania.

Above North America are 9 medallions depicting explorers notable for their voyages to the New World, including Columbus, Vespucci, Magellan, Le Maire, Drake and Dampier. The tracks of these explorers are traced throughout the oceans along with depictions of their ships. The map is filled with vignettes enclosed in rococo borders providing a panorama of the New World and illuminating key geographical locations, the native culture, and indigenous flora and fauna. The waters throughout the southern hemisphere feature inset maps and town plans, including the Mississippi Delta, the Isthmus of Panama, the Rio de la Plata, Acapulco Bay, Mexico City, Havana, and Veracruz. The vignettes include a spectacular view of Niagara Falls with the famous depiction of a beaver colony, a scene of the cod fisheries in Newfoundland, Native Americans hunting, and the rituals of the Aztecs and Incas including human sacrifice, mining and sugar operations in South America. The insets are surrounded by images of animals and plants native to the New World, such as an opossum, a muskrat, a tobacco plant, and a pineapple.

Printed on four separate sheets, professionally joined in two sections as northern and southern halves. One of the most spectacular maps of the Americas ever published.

References: McLaughlin #190; Schwartz & Ehrenberg #85; Tooley (Amer) p. 130, #80.

Condition: A

Dark impressions on bright sheets with Strasburg Lily watermarks, issued folding. There is some minor foxing at top left and a few short edge tears. Remnants of hinge tape on verso. There are some grayish shadows along the folds that are caused by our scanner and do not appear on the map itself. The first image is a composite image - only the two northern and two southern sheets are joined, as described.

Estimate: $13,000 - $16,000

Sold for: $9,500

Closed on 11/17/2021

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