"[How Outina's Army Marches to War] [on verso] [How the Indians Declare War on Their Enemy]", Bry, Theodore de
Subject: Florida, Natives
Period: 1591 (circa)
Publication: Grands Voyages, Part II
Color: Hand Color
7.6 x 6 inches
19.3 x 15.2 cm
This copper engraving is from a remarkable series of publications, illustrating voyages of discovery and travels of exploration to various parts of the world. The project was begun by Theodore de Bry of Frankfurt, in 1590 and was to continue for another 54 years. They became known collectively as the Grands Voyages (to America and the West Indies) and the Petits Voyages (to the Orient and the East Indies). De Bry died after the first six parts of the Grands Voyages were completed. The project was completed initially by his widow and two sons, Johann Theodore de Bry and Johann Israel de Bry, then by his son-in-law, Matthaus Merian in 1644.
This engraving depicts Outina's army marching to war. Outina was a highly disciplined commander and had his soldiers surround him in formation while younger members of the tribe ran ahead to scout the enemy.
The verso depicts how the Timucua Indians would declare war. Instead of sending a messenger to announce their intentions, tribesmen would put arrows with small locks of hair into the ground along the path to the opposition's village.
On a trimmed sheet with German text (8.2 x 8.7").
On a watermarked sheet with small loss of image along the right border that has also been remargined to accommodate framing. There is minor staining at top and a small repaired edge tear at top left.