Ogilby's Copy of the Extremely Rare "Lord Baltimore's Map," the Earliest Obtainable Printed Map of Maryland
"Nova Terrae-Mariae Tabula", Ogilby, John
Subject: Colonial Mid-Atlantic United States, Maryland
Period: 1671 (circa)
Color: Black & White
14.8 x 11.6 inches
37.6 x 29.5 cm
This is Ogilby's edition of the earliest obtainable printed map of Maryland. It is a copy of the very rare Lord Baltimore map, originally published in 1635 to promote the new colony. It is based largely on John Smith's map of Virginia (1612) and possibly supplemented by Cyprian Thorowgood's explorations. The map provides more up-to-date nomenclature and improves greatly on the delineation of the Potomac River and the Atlantic coastline including Delaware Bay. The boundaries of the Calvert land grant are shown with dotted lines. When first issued, the northern boundary along the 40th parallel was depicted too far south. This resulted in later border disputes with Pennsylvania. Although corrected here on Ogilby's map, the dispute was not settled until the Mason-Dixon Line was drawn in the 1760s. Ogilby's version is also noteworthy for being the first to describe the names of the counties of Maryland. In fact, Ogilby may have been privy to information directly from Cecil Calvert, Lord Baltimore, because Cecil County (Caecill on the map) was not officially created until 1674. Three tiny settlements, St. Maries, Harington, and Calverton, are shown along with several Indian villages. The map is embellished with the large coat of arms of Lord Baltimore, two strapwork cartouches, and a nice compass rose.
See also lot 830 for Philip Burden's excellent reference work, The Mapping of North America, that discusses this map.
References: Burden #240; Shirley (BL Atlases) T.OGIL-2a #7.
A nice impression on a bright sheet that has minor soiling and two vertical lines drawn in manuscript ink at bottom right. A previous owner folded the sheet, so the sheet has been professionally backed with archival tissue to reinforce the folds and to repair a centerfold separation that just passes the border at bottom, a tear in the left blank margin, and a chip at bottom right just outside of the border.