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"Mappa Fluxus et Refluxus Rationes in Isthmo Americano in Freto Magellanico, Caeterisque Americae Littoribus Exhibens", Kircher, Athanasius
Subject: Western Hemisphere - America
Period: 1665 (circa)
Publication: Mundus Subterraneus…
Color: Hand Color
16.3 x 13.5 inches
41.4 x 34.3 cm
Very unusual map depicting all of South America and most of North America. The map is totally devoid of political detail with the exception of the floating city of Mexico, shown a bit too far north, and California is named. Instead the map features the principal rivers, lakes, mountains and volcanoes in South America. A huge crater lake, probably Lake Titicaca although it is situated too far north, is depicted as the source of the Amazon. The Andes are shown as a range of live volcanoes. Three sailing ships and a strapwork title cartouche adorn the map. Kircher is credited with publishing the first book describing the ocean's currents and this map is a beautiful example of his representations that are surprisingly accurate.
See also lot 773 for Philip Burden's excellent reference work, The Mapping of North America, that discusses this map.
References: Burden #382.
A dark impression on paper with a horn coat of arms watermark. Short edge tears in the bottom blank margin have been archivally repaired. There are remnants of hinge tape on verso.