Auction 171, Lot 714

"The Pre-War Colonies.... Which Herr Hitler Declares Must Be Returned to the Reich....... Or Else!",

Subject: Africa, World War II

Period: 1938 (dated)

Publication: Ken Magazine

Color: Printed Color

Size:
8.9 x 11.4 inches
22.6 x 29 cm

This bold, pre-World War II satirical map was drawn by Richard and Peggy Yardley for the June 2, 1938 edition of the briefly-lived antifascist magazine Ken. It graphically depicts Hitler's desire to reclaim lost colonies in Africa as a result of the Treaty of Versailles (1919). Hitler, represented as a red sun, extends his rays to the former colonial possessions of Togoland, Cameroon, German East Africa, and German West Africa. On the ground are representations of the fearful Britain and France (the colonial powers at that time), cowering under Hitler's rays. Also on the land is an Italian representing Mussolini, who forces an African to drink castor oil as punishment. A vignette at bottom shows a monkey encouraging other wild animals to join the German Federation, and at top is a representation of the League of Nations as an "ailing lady who feels far too weak to complain." The verso contains a biting depiction of Francisco Franco, military dictator of Spain at the time, as a human doll being controlled by Hitler and Mussolini. A fascinating piece published a year before the war began.

References:

Condition: A+

Estimate: $130 - $170

Sold for: $200

Closed on 2/6/2019

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