"Typus Orbis Ptol Descriptus", Munster, Sebastian
Subject: Ancient World
Period: 1552 (published)
Publication: Geographiae Claudii Ptolemaei Alexandrini
Color: Hand Color
13.5 x 9.9 inches
34.3 x 25.1 cm
Sebastian Munster (1489 - 1552) was one of the three most renowned cartographers of the sixteenth century, along with Mercator and Ortelius. Munster's Geographia and Cosmographia Universalis were two of the most widely read and influential books of the period. His editions of Ptolemy's Geographia, published between 1540 and 1552, were illustrated with 48 woodcut maps, the standard 27 Ptolemaic maps supplemented by 21 new maps. These new maps included a separate map of each of the known continents and marked the development of regional cartography in Central Europe. The antique geography was a prelude to Munster's major work, the Cosmographia, which was published in nearly 30 editions in six languages between 1544 and 1578 and then was revised and reissued by Sebastian Petri from 1588 to 1628. The Cosmographia was a geographical as well as historical and ethnographic description of the world. It contained the maps from the Geographia plus additional regional maps and city views with nearly 500 illustrations which made it one of the most popular pictorial encyclopedias of the sixteen century.
Clouds and eight named wind heads surround Munster’s woodblock world map. It displays the prevailing conception of the world geography prior to the discovery of the New World and according to Claudius Ptolemy. The continents are oddly shaped and all connected by a great southern continent Terra incognita secundum Ptolemaeum. There is a very large Taprobana (modern day Sri Lanka) in the enclosed Indian Ocean, and the Indian subcontinent is severely truncated. Only the northern part of Africa is shown with the Nile originating from a series of lakes in a large mountain range. There is a fine vertical crack line across the right-hand part of the map, which is present in nearly all editions. Latin text in elaborate woodblock engraving on verso.
References: Mickwitz & Miekkavaara #215-2; Shirley #76.
There is light soiling with several small stains along the centerfold. There is a small hole and an adjacent 1" tear around the Caspian Sea that have been archivally repaired.