"Tabula Europae III", Ptolemy/Ruscelli
Period: 1561 (published)
Publication: La Geografia di Claudio Tolomeo Alessandrino
Color: Black & White
9 x 7 inches
22.9 x 17.8 cm
Claudius Ptolemy was a mathematician, astronomer and geographer who worked in Alexandria, then a part of the Roman Empire, in the 2nd century AD. One of the most learned and influential men of his time, his theories dominated both astronomy and geography for nearly 1500 years. His writings were kept alive by Arabic scholars during the Middle Ages and reemerged in Europe during the Renaissance. The birth of printing led to wide dissemination of his great works on astronomy and geography. There were a number of editions of his Geographia beginning in 1477. These early editions contained maps based on his original writings, known as Ptolemaic maps. As geographic knowledge increased with the explorations of Columbus, Magellan, Cabot and others, maps of the New World were added, and maps of the Old World were revised. Ptolemy's Geographia continued to be revised and published by some of the most important cartographers including Martin Waldseemuller, Sebastian Munster, Giacomo Gastaldi, Jodocus Hondius, and Gerard Mercator (whose last edition was published in 1730).
This copper engraved Ptolemaic map of France extends east to include the Rhine and Lake Leman. The Alps and Pyrenees Mountains are clearly shown and major cities are identified. The sea is stipple engraved in the Italian style. Italian text on verso, with the plate mark running off the top edge of the sheet, published in 1561.
References: Mickwitz & Miekkavaara #216-8.
A nice impression with a few spots of foxing in the image and light toning along the edges of the sheet.