Small Version of a Keystone Map for Great Lakes Collections
"Canada of Niew Vrankryk Getrokken uit Verscheide Fransche, Engelsche, en Hollandsche Beschryvingen Enz.", Sanson, Nicolas
Subject: Colonial Northeastern United States & Canada, Great Lakes
Period: 1705 (published)
Publication: Algemeene Weereld-Beschryving...
Color: Hand Color
11.9 x 8.2 inches
30.2 x 20.8 cm
This is a reduced version of one of the most influential seventeenth century maps of the French and English colonies in North America. It concentrates on the region of greatest French interest. The entire Great Lakes basin and the St. Lawrence River are shown in great detail. The most important aspect of the map is the first appearance of L. Erie, ou du Chat as a recognizable lake on an atlas map. This delineation influenced the cartography of the region for more than 100 years and was not superceded until Delisle's "Carte du Canada" in 1703. The map is also an outstanding source for Indian tribal names and locations. Two names (Aouentsiouaeron and Attiouandarons) appear here for the first time. Lake Superior and Michigan (Lac du Puans) are left open-end to the west. Embellished with a nice title cartouche and engraved by Anthoine d'Winter. This is the third state. Published in Francois Halma's Dutch edition of A. Pherotee de la Croix's Nouvelle Methode Pour Apprendre facilement la Geographie Universelle.
Sanson's small maps from his L'Amerique en Plusieurs Cartes..., first published in 1657 and engraved by A. Peyrounin, were copied several times by various map publishers. Johann David Zunners made copies of Sanson's maps for his German translation of Die Gantze Erd-Kugel in 1679. Johannes Ribbius and Simon de Vries published copies in 1682 and 1683, with new maps engraved by Antoine d'Winter. The plates were later sold to Francois Halma, who used them in 1699 and then again in 1705 with the titles re-engraved in Dutch. The titles on the d'Winter plates were re-engraved back into French, and then used by Nicholas Chemereau in 1715 and by Henri du Sauzet in 1738.
References: Burden #575; Kershaw #138; McCorkle #683.5.
A dark impression with one tiny hole in an unengraved area of the map at top left that has been professionally infilled. There is light toning along the edges of the sheet.