Mercator's Foundation Map for the Americas
"America sive India Nova, ad Magnae Gerardi Mercatoris aui Universalis Imitationem in Compendium Redacta", Mercator/Hondius
Subject: Western Hemisphere - America
Period: 1606 (published)
Publication: Gerardi Mercatoris - Atlas sive Cosmographicae
Color: Hand Color
18.1 x 14.5 inches
46 x 36.8 cm
This is one of the most famous maps of the Americas and an important foundation map for an American map collection. After the death of his grandfather, Michael Mercator produced this stunning hemispherical map, the only known printed map attributed to him. The map is surrounded by a beautifully engraved floral design and four roundels, one of which contains the title. The other insets include the Gulf of Mexico, Cuba, and Haiti. The geography was patterned after Rumold Mercator's world map of 1587, with a little added detail. There is a large inland lake in Canada, and the St Lawrence River extends nearly halfway across the continent with no Great Lakes. There is a still a bulge in the west coast of South America. The large southern continent extends above the Tropic of Capricorn in the Pacific where there is a very large island of New Guinea. Above North America are two of the four islands of the North Pole, with the great mythical rivers flowing from the pole. The seas are full of mythical islands, including St. Brendain, Frislant and Sept citez. Latin text on verso.
References: Burden #87; Van der Krogt (Vol. I) #9000:1A.
A nice, early impression on watermarked paper with professional repairs to short centerfold separations at top and bottom and to a 5" tear in the southern continent below South America. There are a couple of additional short tears in the blank margins that have been archivally repaired, including one that enters the map border at bottom.