Auction 162, Lot 552

"Nova & Accurata Wolgae Fluminis, olim Rha Dicti, Delineatio, Auctore Adamo Oleario", Blaeu, (Family)

Subject: Volga River

Period: 1670 (circa)

Publication: Atlas Major

Color: Black & White

21.8 x 18.6 inches
55.4 x 47.2 cm

Uncommon map of the Volga River in two parts based on the travels of Adam Olearius. The left side of the map begins at Nazhniy Novgorod and ends at Saratov. The right side continues to Astrakhan with an inset of the river delta. Richly embellished with a strapwork title cartouche featuring reindeer, a scale cartouche with putti, and a fine pictorial scene of an encampment with camels. German edition with blank verso.

Adam Olearius was a German scholar, mathematician, geographer, and librarian. He was sent in 1633 by Duke Frederick III to Moscow and Persia to seek treaties favoring the newly-founded city of Friedrichstadt as the terminus for an overland silk road. The party traveled from Hamburg to Moscow via Lubeck, Riga, Dorpat, Revel, Narva, Ladoga, and Novgorod. A favorable treaty was struck with Michael Romanov in 1635. Later that year Olearius returned to Moscow and then on to Persia via the Volga and the Caspian Sea. After an arduous journey he met the shah in August 1637, but negotiations were not successful. On the return trip, Olearius left his party at Revel heading directly for Lubeck. He mapped the Volga along the way, bringing this knowledge to Europe.

References: Van der Krogt (Vol. II) #1825:2.

Condition: B+

A fine impression on paper with an "HD" watermark, light offsetting, minor toning, and some printer's ink residue at bottom center. Centerfold separations at top and bottom have been closed on verso with archival tape. There are a couple small chips and short edge tears in the blank margins, as well as a tear that enters 1" into an unengraved portion of the map at top right that has been closed on verso with archival tape.

Estimate: $275 - $350

Sold for: $140

Closed on 4/26/2017