"Ursina Civitas, Vulgo Bernensis, ad hunc Christi Annum 1549. Exarata", Munster, Sebastian
Subject: Bern, Switzerland
Period: 1549 (dated)
Publication: Cosmographiae Universalis...
Color: Hand Color
11.8 x 8.3 inches
30 x 21.1 cm
Sebastian Munster (1489 - 1552) was one of the three most renowned cartographers of the sixteenth century, along with Mercator and Ortelius. Munster's Geographia and Cosmographia Universalis were two of the most widely read and influential books of the period. His editions of Ptolemy's Geographia, published between 1540 and 1552, were illustrated with 48 woodcut maps, the standard 27 Ptolemaic maps supplemented by 21 new maps. These new maps included a separate map of each of the known continents and marked the development of regional cartography in Central Europe. The antique geography was a prelude to Munster's major work, the Cosmographia, which was published in nearly 30 editions in six languages between 1544 and 1578 and then was revised and reissued by Sebastian Petri from 1588 to 1628. The Cosmographia was a geographical as well as historical and ethnographic description of the world. It contained the maps from the Geographia plus additional regional maps and city views with nearly 500 illustrations which made it one of the most popular pictorial encyclopedias of the sixteen century.
This well rendered bird's-eye view depicts the fortified Swiss city of Bern. The detailed plan shows the Arola Fl or Aare River wrapping around the city with scores of individual buildings, churches, towers, and named streets. Fields and forests spread beyond. The intials of the engraver (RMD) appear in the banner at top. With Latin text below and on verso, published in 1550.
References: Shirley (BL Atlases) T.MUN-1c #47.
A dark impression with one small worm hole at top just inside neatline that has been professionally infilled, a few additional minute worm holes only visible when held to light, and an archivally repaired chip in bottom blank margin along centerfold.