"[Title on Verso] Europae Tabula Secunda Continet Hispaniam Baeticam, Hispaniam Lusitaniam, & Hispaniam Tarraconensem", Ptolemy/Fries
Subject: Spain & Portugal
Period: 1541 (published)
Publication: Claudii Ptolemaei Alexandrini Geographicae…
Color: Hand Color
18 x 12.1 inches
45.7 x 30.7 cm
Claudius Ptolemy was a mathematician, astronomer and geographer who worked in Alexandria, then a part of the Roman Empire, in the 2nd century AD. One of the most learned and influential men of his time, his theories dominated both astronomy and geography for nearly 1500 years. His writings were kept alive by Arabic scholars during the Middle Ages and reemerged in Europe during the Renaissance. The birth of printing led to wide dissemination of his great works on astronomy and geography. There were a number of editions of his Geographia beginning in 1477. These early editions contained maps based on his original writings, known as Ptolemaic maps. As geographic knowledge increased with the explorations of Columbus, Magellan, Cabot and others, maps of the New World were added, and maps of the Old World were revised. Ptolemy's Geographia continued to be revised and published by some of the most important cartographers including Martin Waldseemuller, Sebastian Munster, Giacomo Gastaldi, Jodocus Hondius, and Gerard Mercator (whose last edition was published in 1730).
An attractive ancient Ptolemaic map of the Iberian Peninsula with exaggerated mountain ranges and numerous place names. It was reduced from Waldseemuller's 1513 map from the first modern atlas based on contemporary knowledge. This edition was printed by Melchior and Gaspar Trechsel, and edited by Michael Servetus. Latin text on verso.
References: Mickwitz & Miekkavaara #211-2.
A crisp impression on paper with a bunch of grapes watermark, a number of old manuscript notations, and professional repairs to several small worm tracks along the centerfold.