"Hydrographical Basin of the Upper Mississippi River from Astronomical and Barometrical Observations Surveys and Information [with] Report Intended to Illustrate a Map of the Hydrographical Basin...", U.S. War Department
Subject: Central United States
Period: 1843 (published)
Publication: Sen. Ex. Doc. No. 237, 26th Congress, 2nd Session
Color: Black & White
30.3 x 36 inches
77 x 91.4 cm
This extremely important map is the first accurate map of the interior region stretching from St. Louis north to the international boundary. The map was compiled by Lt. W. H. Emory (under the direction of Col. J. J. Albert) from the surveys of J. N. Nicollet, who was assisted by Lt. J. C. Fremont; thus, bringing together some of the most important names in the history of American mapping in the 19th century. Nicollet, already a noted French scientist and topographer, was chosen to lead this expedition during 1838 to 1840. The map reflects, for the first time, the use of the barometer to obtain elevations and the use of place names on maps based on a systematic analysis of Indian and French names. It is the first truly scientific topographical survey of the interior of North America. Contemporary cartographer, Lt. G. K. Warren, called it "one of the greatest contributions ever made to American geography." Lithographed by C. B. Graham and printed on two joined sheets.
Offered with the original "Report Intended to Illustrate a Map of the Hydrographical Basin of the Upper Mississippi River" (6" x 9") by Nicollet which describes his remarkable explorations on behalf of the Bureau of Topographical Engineers. A note explains Nicollet died while writing the introduction. Hardbound in original full leather, 8vo, 170pp, folding map.
References: Claussen & Friis #390; Schwartz and Ehrenberg, p. 267-268, plt. 165.
The majority of the map image is fine with a crisp impression on clean paper. The paper join is toned across the middle and there is very faint, occasional foxing. A small edge tear at the top left corner of the sheet has been closed on verso with archival tape. Report has light scattered foxing and covers are moderately worn with several small surface abrasions. Map and report are from different examples.