Auction 160, Lot 121

One of the Earliest Maps to Name the United States

"Carte du Mexique et des Etats Unis d'Amerique, Partie Meridionale...", Delisle/Dezauche

Subject: Colonial Eastern North America & Caribbean

Period: 1783 (dated)


Color: Hand Color

25.9 x 19.1 inches
65.8 x 48.5 cm

The title of this map contains a very early recognition of the newly formed United States, as 1783 is the earliest that the name appears on a printed map. This is the last issue of Delisle's map that was first issued in 1703 with the title Carte du Mexique et de la Floride. Delisle's map is regarded as the first map to correctly show the course of the lower Mississippi, to accurately place the Great Lakes, and to locate many English coastal settlements. Its longevity and numerous copies by other mapmakers attest to the importance of this engraving. Dezauche was Buache's son-in-law, and the successor to the Delisle business. In Dezauche's edition the original title on the map was altered to include the words Etats Unis and also a legend with color-coding were added to show the colonial possessions of England, France, Spain and the extent of the United States.

References: Tooley (Amer) p.22 #53; cf. Cumming (SE) #137; Martin (TX) p.92-3.

Condition: A

On watermarked paper with original outline color and later coloring in the cartouches.

Estimate: $1,400 - $1,700

Sold for: $750

Closed on 11/16/2016