"Nova & Accurata Wolgae Fluminis, olim Rha Dicti, Delineatio, Auctore Adamo Oleario", Blaeu, (Family)
Subject: Volga River
Period: 1662 (circa)
Publication: Atlas Maior
Color: Hand Color
21.9 x 18.7 inches
55.6 x 47.5 cm
Uncommon map of the Volga River in two parts based on the travels of Adam Olearius. The left side of the map begins at Nazhniy Novgorod and ends at Saratov. The right side continues to Astrakhan with an inset of the river delta. Richly embellished with a strapwork title cartouche featuring reindeer, a scale cartouche with putti, and a fine pictorial scene of an encampment with camels. Latin text on verso.
Adam Olearius was a German scholar, mathematician, geographer and librarian. He was sent in 1633 by Duke Frederick III to Moscow and Persia to seek treaties favoring the newly-founded city of Friedrichstadt as the terminus for an overland silk road. The party traveled from Hamburg to Moscow via Lubeck, Riga, Dorpat, Revel, Narva, Ladoga and Novgorod. A favorable treaty was struck with Michael Romanov in 1635. Later that year Olearius returned to Moscow and then on to Persia via the Volga and the Caspian Sea. After an arduous journey he met the shah in August 1637, but negotiations were not successful. On the return trip, Olearius left his party at Revel heading directly for Lubeck. He mapped the Volga along the way, bringing this knowledge to Europe.
References: Van der Krogt (Vol. II) #1825:2.
A dark impression on watermarked paper with an archivally repaired centerfold separation that enters less than 1" into map at bottom. There is light toning, a couple of minor printer's creases, faint scattered foxing, and some chalk residue on recto.