"Plan of Guantanimo on the South Side of Cuba Called by the English Waltenham Bay and Cumberland Harbour Surveyed by Admiral Durell, in 1740", Jefferys/Sayer
Subject: Guantanamo Bay, Cuba
Period: 1788 (dated)
Publication: A New and Accurate Chart of the West-India Islands...
Color: Hand Color
6.9 x 9.8 inches
17.5 x 24.9 cm
Thomas Jefferys was one of the most important English map publishers of the 18th century. His work included prints and maps of locations around the world, but his most notable maps are of North America and the West Indies. He began his career in the map trade in the early 1730s, working as an engraver for a variety of London publishers, and eventually setting up his own shop. In 1746, he was appointed Geographer to the Prince of Wales, and in 1760 he became Geographer to the King. These titles granted access to manuscripts and cartographic information held by the government. In the early 1760s he embarked on an ambitious project to produce a series of English county maps based on new surveys, but ran out of money and filed for bankruptcy in 1766. He then partnered with London publisher Robert Sayer, who reissued many of Jefferys plates and continued to issue new editions after Jefferys' death in 1771. Jefferys' American Atlas and the accompanying West-India Atlas, published post posthumously, are considered his most important cartographic works.
In 1741, during the War of Jenkins' Ear, British Admiral Vernon captured Guantanamo Bay and renamed it Cumberland Harbour. It remained for a short time in British hands before Vernon abandoned it after repeated guerilla attacks on his crew that was beset with tropical illnesses. The bay is the largest harbor on the south side of the island and is surrounded by steep, forested hills. The detailed chart shows soundings, shoals, forts, and several salt pans.
References: Shirley (BL Atlases) M.SAY-4a #29.
An excellent impression on watermarked paper.