Auction 154, Lot 318

The First Printed Map of the Southern United States

"Peruviae Auriferae Regionis Typus [on sheet with] La Florida [and] Guastecan", Ortelius, Abraham

Subject: Gulf of Mexico, Florida & Peru

Period: 1598 (published)

Publication: Theatrum Orbis Terrarum

Color: Hand Color

Size:
18.1 x 13.1 inches
46 x 33.3 cm

This was one of the few sixteenth century maps based on Spanish sources; in this case drawing from reports of Hernando de Soto's expedition through the region. There are three maps on this sheet. The most important map, La Florida, is the first printed map of the southern portion of the United States. This influential map provided the foundation cartography for the region, particularly in the depiction of the river system. The map below (Guastecan Reg) combines with La Florida to extend the coastline of the Gulf of Mexico further south. The third is a map of Peru, where De Soto was the first Spaniard to meet Inca Emperor Atahuallpa. In the north of the map of Peru is Aurea Regio, or Kingdom of Gold, a reference to the fabled El Dorado. All maps contain decorative cartouches, and the map of Peru is embellished with two ships. French text on verso.

References: Burden #57; Cumming (SE) #5; Van den Broecke #15.

Condition: A

Watermarked paper with attractive color, some printer's ink residue, and wide, original margins.

Estimate: $1,600 - $1,900

Sold for: $950

Closed on 9/16/2015

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