"[Lot of 2] Map of Texas and Part of New Mexico Compiled in the Bureau of Topographl. Engrs. Chiefly for Military Purposes [and] General Topographical Map. Sheet XXII", U.S. War Department
Period: 1891-95 (published)
Publication: Atlas to Accompany the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies...
Color: Printed Color
27.4 x 16.4 inches
69.6 x 41.7 cm
A. Map of Texas and Part of New Mexico Compiled in the Bureau of Topographl. Engrs. Chiefly for Military Purposes. This finely lithographed map of the state has much detail throughout. It locates settlements, forts, trails, and fords, with topography and watershed shown. The map contains extensive notes on rivers, a list of authorities, and a table of stations with locations and authorities. Martin & Martin say, "With the onset of the Civil War, the federal exploration and mapping efforts in the West ceased, and many federal troops there either withdrew or surrendered … Shortly after assuming command of the Gulf in 1862 and while planning his offensives in New Orleans, Banks dispatched a report to Washington containing a map of the Texas region. The map had been prepared from various sources shortly before the war, and it was an excellent example of a military planning document…" It was originally drawn in 1857 and was utilized by Banks in 1862, but was not published until its appearance in the Official Records atlas of the 1890's. This historical map documents the status of the frontier immediately prior to the outbreak of the Civil War. With two unrelated inset maps at right: "Plan of Battle Field at New Creek West Virginia August 4th 1864" and "Plan of Battle at Pleasant Mills near Cumberland Md. August 1st 1864." Lithographed by Julius Bien & Co. Condition: Minor offsetting and short centerfold separations in the top and bottom blank margins. (A)
B. General Topographical Map. Sheet XXII. This map covers a length of the Texas-Louisiana coastline on the Gulf of Mexico, extending from Austin to Calcasieu Lake. There is excellent detail of the rivers, lakes, estuaries, marshes, and bays in the area, and numerous towns and cities are named. Roads, railroads, and post offices are located as well. Lithographed by Julius Bien & Co. Condition: There is light toning, a couple of faint stains at top, and some short edge tears in the blank margins, most of which have been closed with archival tape. (B+)
References: Martin & Martin #45.
See description above.