"North America", Russell, John C.
Subject: North America
Period: 1814 (dated)
Color: Hand Color
8.9 x 7.3 inches
22.6 x 18.5 cm
East and West Florida underwent several boundary and sovereignty changes during its history. The two regions were established in 1763 by the British colonial government out of land taken from France and Spain after the French and Indian War. Reasoning the newly acquired territory too large to govern, the British divided it into two new colonies separated by the Apalachicola River.
West Florida was based in Pensacola, and the colony included the part of formerly Spanish Florida west of the Apalachicola, plus the parts of French Louisiana taken by the British. Its northern boundary shifted several times over the years. East Florida has as its capital St. Augustine, which had been the capital of Spanish Florida.
Both remained loyal to the British crown during the Revolutionary War, and served as havens for Tories fleeing the Thirteen Colonies. In 1781 Spain invaded West Florida and captured Pensacola, leading Britain to cede both to Spain following the war. The ill defined boundaries led to a series of border disputes between Spain and the nascent United States known as the West Florida Controversy. Disagreements with the Spanish government led settlers along the gulf coast to declare the area the independent Republic of West Florida in 1810. The area was soon annexed by the United States, claiming the region as part of the Louisiana Purchase. The remainder of West Florida and all of East Florida were purchased by the United States in 1819 under the terms of the Adams–Onís Treaty. Florida Territory was formed as a result.
This attractive map of North America shows the United States confined to east of the Mississippi River despite its 1814 date. Louisiana stretches from the Mississippi River west to the Rocky Mountains, and Spain is in control of the western United States. East and West Florida is also under Spanish control. Notes related to the exploration of MacKenzie and Hearne are shown in northern Canada just south of "Undiscovered Regions."
On watermarked paper with minor toning and faint scattered foxing.