"Exquisita & Magno Aliquot Mensium Periculo Lustrata Etiam Retecta Freti Magellanici Facies...", Mercator/Hondius
Subject: Strait of Magellan
Period: 1611 (circa)
Publication: Gerardi Mercatoris Atlas sive Cosmographicae…
Color: Hand Color
18.2 x 13.7 inches
46.2 x 34.8 cm
This exquisite map of the Strait of Magellan predates the discovery of the Straits of Le Maire. It details soundings and navigational hazards in this strategic waterway. The geographic details for this map were drawn from Bernardus Joannis Monasteriensis who accompanied the first Dutch expedition to sail through the Strait in 1599-1600. That expedition is portrayed on the map by the fleet of six sailing ships in the Mar del Zur. The map is one of the most beautifully embellished maps of the Mercator atlas. It is centered on an elaborate compass rose orienting the map with north at the bottom. There are three large strapwork cartouches: the title flanked by penguins, the distance scale with an incorporated compass, and an inset with coastal view of the entrance to the strait fills the last cartouche. Whimsical sea lions, a monstrous whale, and sailing ships complete the composition. Latin text on verso, published between 1611-12.
References: Van der Krogt (Vol. I) #9950:1A.2:1:103.
Original color that has been partially refreshed on a watermarked sheet with light soiling and some show-through of text on verso. A short edge tear at left and a centerfold separation at bottom, both confined to the blank margins, have been repaired on verso with archival materials.