"[Lot of 3] Map Illustrating the System of Parcs, the Domestic Relations of the Great Plains... [and] Map of North America Delineating the Mountain System and Its Details... [and] Thermal Map of North America, Delineating the Isothermal Zodiac...", Gilpin, William
Subject: North America
Period: 1873 (circa)
Publication: Mission of the North American People, Geographical, Social and Political
Color: Hand Color
This lot includes three maps from William Gilpin’s Mission of the North American People, Geographical, Social and Political. Gilpin was the first governor of the territory of Colorado and a proponent of the concept of Manifest Destiny, the transcontinental railway, and a westward expansion of the United States. He had radical ideas on how and why America should be populated, and to support his theories he did a series of maps including these three. Interestingly, they were some of the first to show economic potential for the West and to think in terms of regional resources and climates.
A. Map Illustrating the System of Parcs, the Domestic Relations of the Great Plains, the North American Andes, and the Pacific Maratime Front, (22.9 x 21.3"). This is a fascinating and colorful map of the western United States. The map is divided into regions with a System of Parcs following the Continental Divide. Several railroads bisect the West including the Texas Pacific, Atlantic and Pacific, Kansas Pacific, Union Pacific and North Pacific. Several railroads are not named including two that extend south though Mexico. Also includes details of the Indian Reservations, forts and watershed. Condition: There are a few short splits at fold intersections, two small abrasions along the top fold, and an edge tear that extends 1" into the image at left closed on verso with archival tape. (B+)
B. Map of North America Delineating the Mountain System and Its Details, the Great Calcareous Plain as a Unit, and the Continuous Encircling Maritime Selvage, (22.4 x 24.0"). The map uses bold coloring to suggest related regions and uses concentric circles, which Gilpin used to represent the future population density with the center of population at Topeka, Kansas. Condition: Faint offsetting and light toning along the folds. There are several short splits along the folds as well as three 1" tears in the image, all of which have been closed on verso with archival tape. (B+)
C. Thermal Map of North America, Delineating the Isothermal Zodiac the Isothermal Axis of Intensity and Its Expansions Up and Down the Plateau, (22.4 x 23.9"). Based upon Alexander von Humboldt's "isothermal zodiac," this map of North America shows a temperate range south of the 40th parallel. Gilpin was a strong believer in climate influencing economic development, and the map suggests that the United States was well positioned to benefit from the favorable conditions. Condition: There are a few fold separations and two edge tears that extend 1" and 3" into the image at left, which have all been closed on verso with archival tape. (B)
Issued folding. See description above for additional details.