One of the Earliest Maps Devoted to the Island of California
"Nouveau Mexique", Duval, Pierre
Subject: Southwestern United States, California & Mexico
Period: 1663 (circa)
Publication: Le Monde ou la Geographie Universelle
Color: Black & White
4.9 x 3.9 inches
12.4 x 9.9 cm
The island of California is the main focus of this charming miniature map. The map is filled with place names including the mysterious seven cities of Cibola. The Rio Nort (Rio Grande) originates from a large Lac de Conibas and incorrectly flows into the Mare Vermeio. The map is based on Sanson's Audience de Guadalajara (1657) with the addition of the Destroit d'Anien above the island and several unnamed, north-south, mountain ranges on the mainland. This is the second state with much new nomenclature added on California and Nouvelle Espagne added at lower right.
References: Burden #353; King (2nd ed) pp. 132-135; McLaughlin #30; Pastoureau, Duval XI.
On watermarked paper with faint toning and a minor damp stain that just enters map along centerfold at top.