Delisle's Influential Map of the Louisiana Territory
"Carte de la Louisiane et du Cours du Mississipi Dressee sur un Grand Nombre de Memoires entr'autres sur ceux de Mr. le Maire", Delisle/Covens & Mortier
Subject: Colonial United States, Louisiana Territory
Period: 1733 (circa)
Color: Hand Color
23.4 x 17.2 inches
59.4 x 43.7 cm
This is a later edition of Delisle's influential map of the French possession of Louisiana that drew together the cartographic work of the previous half century and had a tremendous impact on the history of cartography. When originally published in 1718, it was the first detailed map of the Gulf region and the Mississippi, and the first to show the explorations of De Soto, Cavelier, Tonty, Moscoso and Denis. The map was designed for the political purpose of invalidating the English claims west of the Appalachian Mountains and laid claim to Carolina by the French, which provoked an angry English response. The name Texas made its first appearance in print on the earlier edition of this map, with the legendary Mission de los Teijas, established in 1716. The notation of Indiens errans et anthrophages along the Gulf Coast warns of cannibals. However, it is the cartography of the Mississippi Valley for which the map is notable today. An inset of the Mississippi Delta and Mobile Bay fills the lower right corner, titled Carte Particulière des Embouchures de la Rivière S. Louis et de la Mobile. This is the Covens & Mortier edition, a re-engraving of the original plate, updated with the addition of New Orleans.
References: Cumming (SE) #208; Tooley (Amer) p.22, #45; cf. Wheat (TMW) #99; cf. Martin & Martin #19.
Original color on watermarked paper with good margins and just a hint of offsetting.