"L'Amerique ou le Nouveau Continent Dressee sur les Memoires les Plus Nouveaux...", Nolin, Jean Batiste
Subject: Western Hemisphere - America
Period: 1742 (dated)
Color: Hand Color
23.5 x 17.5 inches
59.7 x 44.5 cm
This scarce map of the Americas includes one of the most interesting depictions of the Sea of the West (Mer de l'ouest) in North America. The first printed map to show the Sea of the West is Nolin's rare world map (Shirley #605) in 1700. That map was in turn supposedly based on a manuscript map prepared by Delisle. It showed a huge sea that reached all the way into the heart of the continent. Nolin was sued over his use of Delisle's information and thereafter he significantly altered the size and shape of the sea on his subsequent publications, as presented here. Another intriguing feature is the Northwest Passage that conveniently disappears into the top border, so that the midsection is left to the imagination. Florida is depicted as a large archipelago, and the vast Mississippi valley shows the river's source in the Canadian frontier. In South America, the Amazon and Rio de la Plata are both well placed, but the Andes are conspicuously sparse. In the South Pacific a very large coastline of New Zealand appears and many of the islands in the Pacific are badly misplaced or completely spurious. This is the second state with the imprint and date changed in the scales cartouche.
The large title cartouche features a river god representing the Mississippi and a coat of arms with three French cockerels. Nolin dedicated this map to Monseigneur Law, Controlleur Generale des Finances. John Law, a Scottish financier, was in charge of the economic recovery of France after wars waged by Louis XIV. An important component of his plan was the exploitation of the French possessions in Louisiana. That led to a wild period of speculation throughout Europe, and eventually one of the worst financial crisis in history, known as the Mississippi Bubble.
References: McGuirk #8.
A nice impression on watermarked paper with minor soiling and light color offsetting. There are two tiny pairs of worm holes outside the neatline at top that have been professionally repaired.