"[Lot of 3] Caljou de Lima [and] Payta [and] Andeutung, wie die Spanischen Schiff in Callao de Lima Verbrandt Worden", Bry, Johann Theodore de
Subject: Northern Peru - Lima, Callao & Paita
Period: 1620 (circa)
Color: Black & White
7 x 6 inches
17.8 x 15.2 cm
These three engravings depict Dutch fleets attacking Spanish strongholds in Peru, including the important ports of Callao (the port of Lima) and Paita. Size varies slightly, and each engraving is on a sheet of German text (approximately 9 x 13"). The first two engravings were published in de Bry's Historische Beschreibung, der wunderbarlichen Reyse...Willhelm Schouten. The third engraving, although originally published by de Bry, was re-issued by Johann Ludwig Gottfried (one of de Bry's printers) in a one-volume condensed edition of de Bry's series of voyages, entitled Newe Welt und Americanische Historien...
A. Caljou de Lima. In 1614 the Dutch East India Company dispatched a fleet of ships under the command of Joris van Spilbergen to promote Dutch trade in South America and the East Indies. In July 1615 the Dutch found the Spanish lying in wait in Callao and a battle ensued. This engraving depicts the harbor of Callao with the city of Lima seen in the distance. Numerous Spanish ships are anchored in the harbor with hundreds of Spanish infantry on land, while Dutch ships advance and fire on the Spanish. The lettered key at bottom identifies the Dutch ships Aeolus, Morning Star, and the New Moon.
B. Payta. In August 1615, Spilbergen reached the port of Paita, anchored his ships offshore, and led 300 men onshore to attack the Spaniards. The Spanish soon gave up and retreated. In the foreground is a large bird representing an Andean condor, believed to have been caught by the Dutch on the nearby island of Lobos de Tierra.
C. Andeutung, wie die Spanischen Schiff in Callao de Lima Verbrandt Worden. In 1624, another Dutch Admiral, Jacques L'Hermite, attacked Callao and succeeded in burning 30 Spanish ships.
Watermarked paper with light soiling.