Catalog Archive
Auction 146, Lot 106

"Geographical, Statistical, and Historical Map of North America", Carey & Lea

Subject: North America

Period: 1822 (circa)

Publication: A Complete Historical, Chronological, And Geographical American Atlas

Color: Hand Color

20.8 x 16.7 inches
52.8 x 42.4 cm
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The United States and Great Britain established in 1818 joint claim over the Oregon Territory - the region north of Spanish controlled Upper California up to the southern boundary of Russia's Alaska Territory at North latitude 54°40'. By the late 1830's this arrangement was beginning to fall apart. In the 1840's the expansionist Democrats, including their 1844 presidential candidate, James Polk, claimed the entire region for the United States. Their expansionist desires were expressed by Polk's famous campaign slogan, "Fifty-four Forty or Fight!" The slogan also became a rally cry for Americans desiring to settle the territory. Following Polk's election, the dispute was resolved by the 1846 Treaty of Oregon, which struck a compromise that fixed the U.S./Canadian boundary at 49º North.

This map shows an uncertain border between the U.S. and British Columbia reflecting the Oregon Boundary Dispute. The Missouri Territory takes up the entire Pacific Northwest. Texas and the southwest are still part of Mexico, and Salt Lake is noted. Greenland is depicted connected to Canada and Alaska is labeled Tchoukotches. The map is surrounded by columns of text describing the boundaries, topography, Native Indians, and the history of the settlement of North America. Drawn by J. Finlayson and engraved by J. Yeager.


Condition: B+

A sharp impression with original color, an archivally repaired centerfold separation at top, and minor soiling.

Estimate: $250 - $325

Sold for: $190

Closed on 9/4/2013