"America Meridionalis", Hondius, Jodocus
Subject: South America
Period: 1619 (circa)
Publication: Mercator's Atlas
Color: Hand Color
19.4 x 14.1 inches
49.3 x 35.8 cm
Superb folio map of the continent that was added by Jodocus Hondius for publication in his continuation of the Mercator Atlas. The interior features the large mythical Parime Lacus straddling the equator and an equally interesting river system. The huge Rio de la Plata flows south from the conjectural Eupana Lacus in Brazil, while the R. Grande flows north from the same lake to join the Amazon River. The Strait of Magellan is shown, but Tierra del Fuego is part of the large southern continent. The map is beautifully engraved with a wave pattern in the oceans, which are filled with ships, sea monsters and a native canoe. The continent is flanked by two elaborate cartouches; title to the right and a large inset plan of Cuzco incorporated into the distance scale cartouche on the left. A Native American is seen with a bow and arrow in the interior. Latin text on verso.
There is light soiling, a number of small, archivally repaired centerfold separations, and two minute pinholes in cartouche at bottom left. There is a small abrasion to the left of the title cartouche and an adjacent vertical crease that has been professionally reinforced.