"[Povo [with] Villa d Olinda d Pernambuco]", Commelin, Isaac
Subject: Olinda, Brazil
Period: 1640 (circa)
Color: Hand Color
14 x 10.8 inches
35.6 x 27.4 cm
These splendid views illustrate the Dutch attack on the Portuguese city of Olinda in 1630. Throughout most of the seventeenth century Portugal and Holland had a commercial agreement in which the Portuguese colonies in the New World produced sugar, and the Dutch distributed it across Europe using their vast commercial network. After the kingdoms of Portugal and Spain merged, the Dutch lost their distribution monopoly and created the West Indian Company in 1621. Shortly thereafter the Dutch began its attack on Pernambuco, first at Salvador and then at Olinda. At top is a view of Povo (which later became Recife) and Olinda as seen from the sea. At bottom is a large bird's-eye view of the region filled with ships, some engaged in battle, and the city of Povo already engulfed in flames.
Issued folding on watermarked paper with a few minor spots. Folds have been reinforced with Japanese tissue on verso.