"Map of Battle-Grounds of August 28th, 29th, and 30th, 1862 in the Vicinity of Groveton, Prince William Co., Va…", U.S. War Department
Subject: Virginia, Civil War
Period: 1878 (dated)
Color: Printed Color
28 x 23 inches
71.1 x 58.4 cm
Surveyed by General Warren, this base map of 2nd Bull Run shows railroads, roads, houses and names of residents. Elevation is noted by brown contour lines. Troop positions are not represented.
This map, along with two others, was produced for a special commission to review the acts of Union General Porter. In 1862, Porter was accused of insubordination for failing to comply with an order from his superior, Major General Pope, to advance to a position that was being occupied by General Longstreet's Confederate forces. Pope, however, was unaware that his orders would put his own men directly in front of a major Confederate position. On Pope's second order, Porter reluctantly complied despite his troops being outnumbered 30,000 to 5,000. Union forces easily won the battle, and Pope was infuriated by the defeat and relieved Porter of his duties. Porter was later court martialed for his insubordination and found guilty. Porter finally gained back his reputation when he was exonerated in 1878 by this special commission.
References: Stephenson #577.5.
There are two chips in the upper margin, outside the neatline. There are a few tiny spots in the image and some light sporadic creasing.