"Map of the State of Texas from the Latest Authorities by J.H. Young", Desilver, Charles
Period: 1856 (dated)
Color: Hand Color
15.8 x 12.8 inches
40.1 x 32.5 cm
This handsome and uncommon map is a derivative of Young’s influential map of the young state of Texas. The organized counties extend only to Young in the north and Kinney in the southwest. The western edge of the frontier is marked with a line of army forts separating the settled region from the vast area noted as rolling table lands and desolate plains Destitute of Timber, that is largely the range of Apache, Kiowa, Comanche and Lipan Indians. Wagon roads, springs, and trails are identified, including the Apache Trail, Comanche War Trail, Connelly's Trail and Emigrant's Route. Tiny flags locate important battlefields in both the Texas war for independence and the Mexican American war. Interesting place names include Grand Indian Crossing, Large Droves of Wild Horses and Cattle, Howard's Spring, Pecos Ferry (on the Pecos River), Horsehead Crossing, etc. Descriptive explanations and notes make this map an interesting study. A table provides statistics according to the Census of 1850 including the population by ethnic groups, e.g. "Free Colored males" is given as 171. There are insets of Northern Texas, noting the northern boundary at Lat. 36° 30', as resolved in the Compromise of 1850, and of the vicinity of Galveston City. County lines are current for the beginning of 1856 with the recent additions of Young and Maverick counties.
References: Day, p. 63.
Original color with light, pleasant toning in blank margins.