"Geological Map of the Route explored by Capt. Jno. Pope…From the Red River to the Rio Grande…", Pope, John
Subject: Texas, Oklahoma
Period: 1854 (dated)
Publication: U.S. Pacific Railroad Surveys
Color: Hand Color
22 x 9.8 inches
55.9 x 24.9 cm
During the 1850s, the U.S. government sponsored an extensive series of expeditions designed to gather information on the vast new territories that had been acquired in western North America. The discovery of gold in California further stimulated westward traffic and heightened the need for a faster and more convenient way to bring the far-flung parts of the country together. In 1853 Congress commissioned the Army's Topographic Bureau to conduct a series of surveys to find a suitable route for a transcontinental railroad. There were six major expeditions; five of them covered the area between the Great Plains and west coast, and the sixth explored the coastal states of California and Oregon. All of these expeditions were accompanied by naturalists and artists to document the landscape, flora and fauna along the route.
The reports, maps and lithographs were published in the 13 volume report "Explorations and Surveys to ascertain the most practicable and economical route for a Railroad from the Mississippi river to the Pacific Ocean."
This colorful map details the countryside in a band along Capt. Pope's route from Fort Towson, Oklahoma to El Paso and Dona Anna on the Rio Grande. Five geological types are delineated through hand coloring and indicated in a legend. Good detail of the region's watershed, naming the Rio Grande, Concho, Brazos, Trinity, and Red rivers. The location of forts, several towns, and the emigrant crossing on the Pecos River are shown.
Issued folded with some light scattered foxing. Backed with Japanese tissue.