Henricus Hondius' Baroque-Style World Map
"Nova Totius Terrarum Orbis Geographica ac Hydrographica Tabula", Hondius, Henricus
Period: 1630 (dated)
Publication: Gerardi Mercatoris et I. Hondii Atlas…
Color: Hand Color
21 x 15 inches
53.3 x 38.1 cm
Henricus Hondius created this baroque-style world map when he updated the Mercator Atlas in response to competition from the Blaeu publishing firm. The map features hemispheres surrounded by voluptuous representations of the four elements: Fire by Apollo driving the Sun's chariot across the sky; Aeros, the goddess of Air, surrounded by clouds and birds; Mother Earth, surrounded by animals and the earth's bounty; and Water represented by a Siren and sea monsters. Tucked between the hemispheres are a celestial globe with the figure of the sun at top, and a scene of Europa receiving tribute from Asia, America and Africa with a figure of the moon at bottom. Four portraits fill the corners: Julius Caesar, Claudius Ptolemy, Jodocus Hondius and Gerard Mercator. The scenes are all beautifully linked together with a rich garland of fruit. For geographical detail Hondius presents California as an island, the Dutch discoveries on the Carpentaria coast of Australia, and Queen Anne's forland (Baffin's Island) on the northeast coast of Canada. The faint outline of Terra Australis Incognita is still in evidence. Latin text on verso. This is the first state.
References: Shirley #336.
Fine original color with one unobtrusive spot in blank area of map and a centerfold separation that just enters map border at bottom and has been closed on verso with old paper. There are a few light spots of candle wax in upper blank margin, one of which enters map border. Overall very good condition with minor imperfections.