"Atlas Historique Tome IV", Chatelain, Henry Abraham
Subject: Title Pages
Period: 1714-19 (circa)
Color: Hand Color
9.3 x 15 inches
23.6 x 38.1 cm
The frontispiece from the fourth volume of Chatelain's historical atlas depicts the northern regions of Europe. Flanked by two bears, the large medallion titled Septentrio shows the wind of the north. The primary crowned females symbolize the royal kingdoms of Denmark (on the left) and Austria (on the right) with their corresponding armorial shield. The Austrian figure is standing on the body of a naked Turk, serving as a reminder of the Ottoman invasion of Europe outside of Vienna in 1683. Sweden is depicted as the crowned figure behind Denmark's figure, and is also represented by the oval medallion of King Gustavus Adolphus II (r.1611-1632) held by two putti. The winged figure seated on the central monument is History, who is being offered scrolls of archives by Sweden, as well as a map of Denmark, Norway, Sweden , Pomerania, Prussia and Moscovy by the figure of Geography. Skillfully engraved by P. Sluyter after a design by J. Goeree and J. Schijnvoet.
References: Shirley (TP) #76
Minute tear in lower-left corner, far from map image.