"Reconnaissance of the Western Coast of the United States Middle Sheet From San Francisco to Umpquah River", U.S. Coast Survey
Subject: Pacific Coast
Period: 1854 (dated)
Color: Black & White
22.3 x 23 inches
56.6 x 58.4 cm
The Office of Coast Survey is the oldest U.S. scientific organization, dating from 1807 when Congress directed that a "survey of the coast" be carried out. By 1836, it was called the U.S. Coast Survey and in 1878, the name was changed to the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey. Today the Office of Coast Survey is a division of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA.
The survey teams, composed of civilians as well as Army and Naval officers, charted the nation's waterways and produced a wide array of reports, survey charts, hydrographic studies of tides and currents, astronomical studies and observations, and coastal pilots. These charts are an important record of the changing nature of the nation's coastlines. In additional to coastal charts, the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey produced land sketches, Civil War battle maps, and the early aeronautical charts.
This terrific chart is from the first official scientific reconnaissance of the Pacific coast. It delineates the coast from the entrance of San Francisco Bay at Points Lobos and Bonita north to show Bodega Bay, Mendocino City, Shelter Cove, Cape Mendocino, Trinidad, Crescent City, Port Orford, Cape Aragos and to above the mouth of the Umpquah River. The most impressive features are the twelve views of entrances and promontories along this rugged coastline, including Mendocino City Cove, Point Blanco, and the Entrance to San Francisco Bay. Geographical positions were determined by G. Davidson Assistant. Map made under the command of Lieut. James Alden U.S.N.
Mild toning along the folds and along the margins. Small ink stain in one of the views.