Auction 136, Lot 104

A Landmark in American Cartography - The first printed map to accurately depict the mouth of the Mississippi River

"Carte du Mexique et de la Floride des Terres Angloises et des Isles Antilles du Cours et des Environs de la Riviere de Mississipi…", Delisle, Guillaume

Subject: Colonial North America and Caribbean

Period: 1703 (dated)


Color: Black & White

26 x 19 inches
66 x 48.3 cm

This is the third edition of this important map that is credited with accurately showing the course of the Mississippi River and its mouth for the first time. It was compiled partly from the reports of important French expeditions of La Salle, Bienville and Iberville. It is an attractive map that includes much of the present-day United States, Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean. The map correctly shows the Great Lakes region, the English settlements along the East Coast, and the early Spanish and Indian settlements in what are now Texas and New Mexico. The early native settlement of Checagou (Chicago) is named on Lake Michigan, called Lac des Illinois after the native tribe. The name of Checagou refers to the wild garlic that grew abundantly there. The map influenced later delineations of the Mississippi River by Seutter, Homann, Lotter and others for many years. The decorative cartouche was engraved by C. Simmoneau. Dated 1703 and published circa 1708-1717 prior to Delisle's appointment to Geographe du Roi in 1718.

References: Cumming #137; Lemmon plt 16; Tooley (Amer) #50, p. 23; Wheat pp 58-61; Schwartz & Ehrenberg pl. 82.

Condition: B+

Toned on centerfold, else very good.

Estimate: $1,700 - $2,000

Sold for: $1,300

Closed on 6/1/2011