Auction 135, Lot 206

"Geographical, Statistical, and Historical Map of Arkansas Territory", Carey & Lea

Subject: Central United States - Arkansas

Period: 1822 (dated)

Publication: A Complete Historical, Chronological, and Geographical American Atlas

Color: Hand Color

20.3 x 16.5 inches
51.6 x 41.9 cm

This seminal map by Stephen H. Long carries the cartouche title "Map of Arkansas and Other Territories of the United States Respectfully inscribed to the Hon. J.C. Calhoun Secretary of War by S.H. Long Major T. Engineers." This is one of the most important maps of the American West, which Wheat calls the "most interesting map in this Atlas." It covers the Missouri River Basin north to the Mandan villages and west to the Rocky Mountains. As on Long's manuscript map the "Highest Peak," James Peak and Spanish Peaks appear and the route of his expedition is clearly delineated. South of the Republican Fork appears the significant legend reads "The Great Desert is frequented by roving bands of Indians who have no fixed place of residence but roam from place to place in quest of game." Numerous interesting place names including Salt Works, Sugar Loaf Mountains, and Potatoe Hills and Pecan Point. Locates a large number of Indian villages and lands, Say's Route and much more. Thomas Say was the expedition's naturalist and entomologist. This is the rare version with Arkansas labeled Arkansa and hand colored in yellow as noted by Wheat. Long's map cleared up a number of geographical errors, foremost was the erroneous course of the Red River. But he also corrected the flow of the Canadian River, and correctly mapped the front range of the Rockies from Longs Peak ("Highest Peak") to the Spanish Peaks. Engraved by Young & Delleker. Printed text descriptions at both sides. Dated 1822.

References: Wheat (TMW) #348.

Condition: A

Very early, dark impression and bright, original hand coloring with full margins. A trace of centerfold toning, else fine.

Estimate: $1,000 - $1,200

Sold for: $1,300

Closed on 2/16/2011