Auction 134, Lot 305

"Peruviae Auriferae Regionis Typus [on sheet with] La Florida [and] Guastecan Reg.", Ortelius, Abraham

Subject: Gulf of Mexico, Florida and Peru

Period: 1606 (published)

Publication: Theatrum Orbis Terrarum

Color: Hand Color

18.3 x 13 inches
46.5 x 33 cm

This was one of the few sixteenth century maps based on Spanish sources; in this case drawing from reports of Hernando de Soto's expedition through the region. There are three maps on this sheet. The most important map (La Florida) is the first printed map of the southeastern portion of the United States. This influential map provided the foundation cartography for the region, particularly in the depiction of the river system. The map below (Guastecan Reg) combines with La Florida to extend the coastline of the Gulf of Mexico further south. The third is a map of Peru, where De Soto was the first Spaniard to meet Inca Emperor Atahuallpa. In the north of the map of Peru is Aurea Regio, or Kingdom of Gold, a reference to the fabled El Dorado. All maps contain decorative cartouches, and the map of Peru is embellished with two ships. This is from the rare English edition with text on verso describing the regions.

References: Burden #57; Cumming (SE) #5; Van den Broecke #15.

Condition: B+

Nice impressions and old color. The maps are in very good condition but the sheet is toned on the centerfold with separation both top and bottom. There are some tape stain on the paper edges, well away from the maps.

Estimate: $1,500 - $2,000

Sold for: $900

Closed on 12/1/2010