Auction 126, Lot 86

"America Septentrionalis", Hondius/Jansson

Subject: North America

Period: 1647 (circa)

Publication: Atlas Novus

Color: Hand Color

21.8 x 18.3 inches
55.4 x 46.5 cm

This important map of North America had great influence in perpetuating the theory of California as an island due to its wide distribution through this preeminent Dutch publishing firm. The map is a careful compilation of various sources and represents the state of cartographic knowledge at the time. The insular California is derived directly from Henry Briggs, as is the depiction of the Arctic. The island is shown with a great number of place names, including po. de S. Diego (San Diego) and Po. Sir Francisco Draco (San Francisco). The Rio del Nort originates in a large western lake and flows incorrectly into the Mare Vermio. The cartography of the Gulf of Mexico and Florida is based on Hessel Gerritsz. On the east coast, the region identified as Novum Belgium is greatly elongated, Iames Towne and a few place names in Nova Anglia are derived from John Smith's map. There is a single Lac des Iroquois in the Great Lakes region. The Dutch nomenclature along the coast of Labrador appears for the first time, reflecting Dutch whaling interests in the region. The map is richly embellished with a variety of animals throughout the interior, including deer, horses, buffalo, rabbits and more. The oceans are teeming with ships and sea monsters. The title cartouche features several Native Americans and the imprint cartouche features two comely mermaids. Latin text on verso

References: Burden #245; McLaughlin #6; Tooley (Amer) #6, pl. 28; Goss (NA) #30.

Condition: B

Nice impression with original color that is slightly faded. The paper is toned with some offsetting. There is a 4" repair on the bottom centerfold and a couple of minor tears in the map border.

Estimate: $3,750 - $4,500

Sold for: $3,000

Closed on 12/3/2008