Auction 126, Lot 134

"Etats-Unis", Vuillemin, Alexander A.

Subject: United States, Texas

Period: 1843 (circa)


Color: Hand Color

10 x 7.5 inches
25.4 x 19.1 cm

The United States and Great Britain established in 1818 joint claim over the Oregon Territory - the region north of Spanish controlled Upper California up to the southern boundary of Russia's Alaska Territory at North latitude 54°40'. By the late 1830's this arrangement was beginning to fall apart. In the 1840's the expansionist Democrats, including their 1844 presidential candidate, James Polk, claimed the entire region for the United States. Their expansionist desires were expressed by Polk's famous campaign slogan, "Fifty-four Forty or Fight!" The slogan also became a rally cry for Americans desiring to settle the territory. Following Polk's election, the dispute was resolved by the 1846 Treaty of Oregon, which struck a compromise that fixed the U.S./Canadian boundary at 49º North.

This map of the United States shows an Independent Texas. Within Texas, the towns of S. Antonio de Bajax, Trinidad, Santa Fe, Taos and Houston are located. In the Northwest, the U.S. land claims extend well into British Columbia illustrating the Fifty-four Forty or Fight dispute with England. The U.S. spans across the continent to the Pacific but no organized territories are shown except for the District de l'Oregon. Instead the Indian Nations are located; District de Osages, District des Mandanes, and more. Arkansas is shown in its largest configuration with its western border against Texas. The map is enclosed in a decorative border.


Condition: A

There is a little soiling in wide margins and one light spot in Iowa. Fine impression and original hand coloring in outline.

Estimate: $120 - $160


Closed on 12/3/2008