"America Septentrionalis", Hondius, Henricus
Subject: North America
Period: 1636-44 (published)
Publication: Atlas Novus
Color: Hand Color
21.3 x 18 inches
54.1 x 45.7 cm
This stunning, important map of North America had great influence in perpetuating the theory of California as an island due to its wide distribution through this preeminent Dutch publishing firm. The map is a careful compilation of various sources and represents the state of cartographic knowledge at the time. The insular California is derived directly from Henry Briggs, as is the depiction of the Arctic. The island of California is shown with a great number of place names, including po. de S. Diego (San Diego) and Po. Sir Francisco Draco (San Francisco). The Rio del Nort originates in a large western lake and flows incorrectly into the Mare Vermio. The cartography of the Gulf of Mexico and Florida is based on Hessel Gerritsz. On the east coast the region identified as Novum Belgium is greatly elongated, Iames Towne and a few place names from John Smith's map appear in Nova Anglia. There is a single Lac des Iroquois in the Great Lakes region. The map is richly embellished with a variety of animals throughout the interior. The oceans are teeming with ships and sea monsters. The title cartouche features several Native Americans and the imprint cartouche features two comely mermaids. First state with the imprint cartouche blank, Latin text on verso.
References: Burden #245; McLaughlin #6; Tooley (Amer) #6, pl. 28; Goss (NA) #30.
Slight show through of text on verso, else fine. There is a tiny edge tear in the top margin, well away from the map.