"Nord-Amerika und West-Indien…", Streit, Friedrich Wilhelm
Subject: North America
Period: 1835 (dated)
Color: Hand Color
17.7 x 15 inches
45 x 38.1 cm
The United States and Great Britain established in 1818 joint claim over the Oregon Territory - the region north of Spanish controlled Upper California up to the southern boundary of Russia's Alaska Territory at North latitude 54°40'. By the late 1830's this arrangement was beginning to fall apart.
In the 1840's the expansionist Democrats, including their 1844 presidential candidate, James Polk, claimed the entire region for the United States. Their expansionist desires were expressed by Polk's famous campaign slogan, "Fifty-four Forty or Fight!" The slogan also became a rally cry for Americans desiring to settle the territory. Following Polk's election, the dispute was resolved by the 1846 Treaty of Oregon, which struck a compromise that fixed the U.S./Canadian boundary at 49º North.
This attractive map of North America and the West Indies focuses mainly on topography, with outline color delineating nations, states and colonial possessions. The northern border with Canada shows the claims of Britain into present-day Washington state. A color code designates the various countries and colonial possessions.