Auction 124, Lot 166

"Map Illustrating the Plan of the Defences of the Western & North-Western Frontier, as proposed by Charles Gratiot, in his report of Oct. 31, 1837", Gratiot, Charles

Subject: Central United States

Period: 1837 (dated)

Publication: HR Doc 311, 25th , 2nd Session

Color: Hand Color

15 x 21.3 inches
38.1 x 54.1 cm

This map is from the series of maps that illustrated the factious Congressional debate over the nature of the frontier defenses in the region between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains. Issued under the direction of Col. J. J. Abert by W. Hood, the map depicts the states of Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana and the Indian nations bordering them to the west. It shows the locations of many military forts and outposts from Ft. Jessup to Ft. Snelling with notations throughout concerning lands ceded by several Indian nations with the dates of the treaties. The threat posed by hostile Indians, whose numbers greatly exceeded those of the area's settlers, resulted in a protracted Congressional debate concerning the defenses required along the frontier. Gratiot’s defense plan uses color to trace the common roads and rivers. A table at lower left notes the distances between forts and the equivalent "days of march" at 15 miles per day. The distances are taken from Tanner's large Map of the United States of 1837. This is the first and most desirable printing and should not be confused with a later printing (ca. 1860) in the American State Papers.

References: Wheat [TMW] #426.

Condition: A

Folding as issued. A little toning in upper blank margin and a couple very light, small spots in map, otherwise fine condition.

Estimate: $180 - $220

Sold for: $180

Closed on 5/7/2008