"Novissima et Accuratissima Totius Americae Descriptio", Wit, Frederick de
Subject: Western Hemisphere
Period: 1675 (circa)
Color: Hand Color
23 x 19.3 inches
58.4 x 49 cm
This is the first state of De Wit's second map of the Americas. It is a close derivative of Nicolas Visscher's influential map. However, the island of California and the Great Lakes are shown on the Sanson model. In the Southwest, the Rio del Norto flows from a large interior lake and empties into the sea between the mainland and California. In South America, Parime Lacus is prominent and a battle scene and village appear in the Brazilian interior. New Zealand is not shown in the South Pacific. The map is embellished with two large cartouches that were also copied from Visscher. The top cartouche depicts angels struggling with a devil for the soul of a Native American. The pictorial title cartouche contains scenes of gold panning, hunting and a native chief standing beneath an umbrella. Numerous galleons sail the oceans.
References: Burden #465; McLaughlin #49-1; Tooley p. 120 #30; Wheat [TMW] #52.
A dark impression on a sound sheet with original color. An area in the Atlantic near the Cape Verde islands has been repaired, with a small amount of facsimile. There are a few scattered stains in the map, and some slight show through of the handwritten Latin astronomical text on the verso, that is roughly as old as the map.