Auction 121, Lot 120

"Britisches Nord = America", Flemming, Carl

Subject: Canada

Period: 1843 (circa)


Color: Hand Color

15.3 x 12.3 inches
38.9 x 31.2 cm

The United States and Great Britain established in 1818 joint claim over the Oregon Territory - the region north of Spanish controlled Upper California up to the southern boundary of Russia's Alaska Territory at North latitude 54°40'. By the late 1830's this arrangement was beginning to fall apart. In the 1840's the expansionist Democrats, including their 1844 presidential candidate, James Polk, claimed the entire region for the United States. Their expansionist desires were expressed by Polk's famous campaign slogan, "Fifty-four Forty or Fight!" The slogan also became a rally cry for Americans desiring to settle the territory. Following Polk's election, the dispute was resolved by the 1846 Treaty of Oregon, which struck a compromise that fixed the U.S./Canadian boundary at 49º North.

A transitional map of the whole of Canada to the Arctic circle and including Iceland and part of Alaska. The border with Canada and the United States is left undefined at the area disputed by the two countries to show the mapmaker's neutrality in this contested area.


Condition: B+

A nice impression with slightly faded original outline color on a sheet with scattered foxing and a couple of creases.

Estimate: $90 - $130

Sold for: $60

Closed on 9/26/2007